3 Common songwriting challenges & how to overcome them

Writing lyrics doesn’t come easily to everyone - it certainly doesn’t to me. In fact, I used to leave the songwriting to Naz, up until about four years ago when we recorded the first songs I had written for our debut EP (Broken Heart Blues and In Limbo).

It’s really only in the past year that I’ve dedicated a lot more time to writing and refining my lyrics. I’ve gone to workshops, watched videos, read blogs and although my lyrics still aren’t to the standard I want them to be, I’ve seen a shift in the way I feel about writing and an improvement in my lyrics.

For this blog post, I wanted to take on the three challenges I face as a songwriter, which I think many other songwriters experience, and techniques that have helped me overcome them and might help you.

With the current situation we find ourselves in, many of us have more time on our hands as we practise social distancing, so now seems like a good time to get stuck into songwriting and tackle some of those songwriting challenges you might be facing.

I gave a workshop on this topic as part of the First Timers which is a DIY music community that curates workshops and festivals dedicated to addressing the lack of diversity in DIY music and providing opportunities to aspiring musicians. While this blog post has new songwriters in mind, I think there are a few things more seasoned songwriters might learn.


1. I don’t know what to write about

The options are so endless that it actually makes it more difficult to decide on a topic. You may feel like the topics you choose aren’t interesting or that you tend to go for the same topics, or perhaps that you don’t have enough “life experience” to write about something personal.

It might sound cliché, but the world really is your oyster and you certainly don’t have to restrict yourself to just writing about your own experiences. You can find inspiration all around you as long as you start looking for it.

Here are some places to look for inspiration and ways to tackle writer’s block:

The media

The media is full of stories and ideas that you can take inspiration from including films, TV dramas, documentaries, books, magazines, and other songs.

Here are some examples of artists who have written songs based on books/films:

Ramble On by Led Zeppelin is allegedly based on Lord of the Rings

Wuthering Heights by Kate Bush is obviously based on Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte

Matilda by Alt J's lyrics are based on the film Leon

I find the news a source of inspiration and many artists have written songs on poignant news stories. We wrote Wake up America (Ban the Gun) about gun crime in the USA using news stories as examples, including the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting and the protests that followed.

Here are a handful of other examples of songs based on news stories:

Bob Dylan - The Hurricane

About the imprisonment of Rubin “Hurricane” Carter, who was wrongly accused of a crime he did not commit, but due to the racist attitudes at the time leading to him being framed as guilty.

Naz & Ella - Freedom

We wrote this song based on a story that we saw trending on Twitter, about a woman who fled from an abusive family and an oppressive regime, and was eventually granted asylum in a country where she could live a safer and freer life.

Catatonia - Road Rage

"Road Rage" was based on the murder of Lee Harvey by his girlfriend Tracie Andrews in 1996, who claimed he was killed in a road rage incident. Though, Cerys Matthews did end up having to apologise to the Lee Harvey’s mother.

Metaphors & phrases

Metaphors can really transform your lyrics. Take a look at the charts and you’ll see songs that are full to the brim with them. Some examples include Wrecking Ball by Miley Cyrus, Elastic Heart by Sia and Switchblade by LP.

A good phrase can also work as song inspirations. Songs like ‘All You Need is Love’ by The Beatles, ‘Love Is Love’ by Naz & Ella, and Let It Go by Idina Menzel offer phrases and themes that lyrics can be based around. The phrase will usually feature in the chorus and may be repeated many times.

Personal experience

Most singers use personal experiences to write their lyrics. Writing about personal experiences makes getting across feelings and emotion easier, as you are more closely connected to what you’re writing about. It’s also easier to make sensory references and emotions as they are authentic rather than imagined.

What evokes strong emotions?

Think about what evokes strong emotions in you and others. Lyrics are always easy to write when they make you feel strong emotions, which will in turn make your audience feel them, too. What makes you ecstatic? What makes you angry? What makes you feel sad? Automatically, you’ll find these topics much easier to write about. With everything you write, it’s crucial to consider what you want your audience to feel when listening to your song.

Keep a notepad on you at all times

Jot down words, phrases and ideas that come into your head throughout the day. Whether that’s on the tube, at your desk at work, or in the middle of the night waking up from a dream, you never know when you might stumble upon a gem of a lyric or idea!

Think about senses

Drawing on senses (e.g. touch, smell, sound) is a good way to help form a more concrete picture in the listener’s mind. The more senses you can draw on, the stronger your lyrics will be. What does the scene look like, smell like, feel like, and sound like?

Object writing

Object writing is a useful tool you can use to draw on senses and find descriptors.

If you haven’t tried this technique before, here’s how it works:

  1. Choose any physical object

  2. Set a timer for five minutes

  3. Spend that time writing down anything that comes to your mind that describes the object. Describe the colour, the shape, the feel, the smell, and the sound. You can go further and think about metaphors which represent it.

  4. Don’t go beyond 5 minutes. When the time is up, take a read through what you’ve written down. Go through it with a writing partner. See if there are any words and phrases in there that you like the sound of.

You might feel silly at first doing this or feel like you don’t know what to write, but practising object writing regularly can help to free your mind and improve your songwriting long-term.

Lyrics don't have to make sense

I hate to say it, but some of the best song lyrics don’t make total sense - the creativity in the prose makes them interesting and engaging. Some songs that come to mind include Life on Mars by David Bowie, Smells Like Teen Spirit by Nirvana and Human by The Killers.

2. I can't finish my song

There isn’t one rule for all when it comes to songwriting, but typically songwriters like to follow a structure consisting of verses and a chorus and sometimes a pre-chorus and bridge.

The verse should be used to tell your story. Verses contain more detail, description and words than the chorus. The first verse introduces the song subject, the second and third verses move the story along.

Your chorus contains the central message you want to get across and includes the title of the song. It’s usually simpler and more repetitive than the verse, and it’s the “ear worm”; the part of a song that gets stuck in your head.

The bridge is where you add contrast to your song. You might decide to look at a different perspective lyrically. You can also use the bridge to change what you are doing with the music, for example slowing down, changing the key, changing the chords or the way it is played.

A pre-chorus is an often very short section that comes just be